Argentina, a major player in the global wheat market, is facing a series of challenges that threaten its standing as a major wheat producer. The country’s wheat production has fluctuated in recent years, influenced by climate change, natural factors, and unique agricultural dynamics. The 2021/2022 season saw a successful wheat production landscape, but the following year experienced a significant decline. Efforts to stabilize production have been made, but challenges persist. Rising temperatures, erratic rainfall patterns, and severe drought have affected Argentina’s wheat production, with a 43% reduction in wheat production and a lower yield. Climate change has played a significant role, as a record-breaking heatwave in December became 60 times more likely due to human-induced climate change. Natural factors like floods and hailstorms have also intensified the challenges faced by farmers. In response, Argentina’s agricultural sector is using technical solutions, such as precision agriculture and the development of drought-resistant wheat varieties, to enhance resilience. Adaptability of policies and agricultural practices is crucial, including increased support for research and the development of climate-resilient crops, incentives for precision agriculture, and streamlined insurance mechanisms. Collaboration, commitment to sustainability, and continued innovation are necessary to secure the future of wheat production in Argentina and beyond.