Iran is facing soaring bread prices due to inflation, increasing demand, and subsidy reforms. Despite claims of self-sufficiency in wheat production, the government reduced subsidies for essential food and medicine, causing the price of flour to increase. Iran’s agriculture sector is significant, providing 11% of GDP and 18% of total employment, and is expected to grow by 4% annually. The country has diverse climate zones and fertile soil but faces challenges such as water scarcity. Field crops account for 70% of Iran’s agricultural production, with wheat being the largest crop. Iran has seen an upward trend in agricultural product imports and exports. The government has introduced a new bread program with digital coupons to address the price surge, but bakers have reported issues with the system. Overall, Iran’s efforts to achieve self-sufficiency in wheat production face challenges in stabilizing bread prices.